Various methods of making greenhouses from arcs with covering material

Various methods of making greenhouses from arcs with covering material

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A greenhouse made of arcs is the simplest and lowest-cost structure for obtaining an early harvest of vegetables at a summer cottage.

It is simple to install, easy to move to any desired place, and absolutely any thermophilic garden crop can be grown in it.

Frame material

Unlike capital, heavy structures in the form of greenhouses, the construction of a greenhouse made of arches is as lightweight as possible. Its advantage is that installation takes little time. Even a child can handle the installation of such a greenhouse.

A greenhouse made of arches can be installed anywhere on the site and moved, depending on what kind of crop is supposed to be grown in it. This is very convenient from the point of view of compliance with the crop rotation area.

The basis of this type of greenhouse is made of plastic or metal arcs. The main requirement for the material is its strength and flexibility at the same time. There are greenhouse arcs of the following types:

  1. Arcs made of polyvinyl chloride. PVC is a thermoplastic material, resistant to aggressive acidic and alkaline environments, low-toxic. Such arcs are lightweight and at the same time strong enough.
  2. Metal arcs. Manufactured industrially from thin metal pipes or independently from thick wire.
  3. Polypropylene arches. In this capacity, a plastic pipe is used, cut into pieces of the required length. The main condition for choosing is the ability of pipes to bend easily, to take a rounded shape.

Which to choose?

Ready-made greenhouses from arcs are currently widely available for sale. Each owner of the site makes his choice depending on the price and purpose of the structure. The most popular are the following greenhouses:

  1. Dayas. A greenhouse based on polymer arcs with a sewn-in covering material. Pipe diameter - 20 mm, length - 2 m. Fastening on the ground is carried out with the help of legs.
    The number of pipes in the kit allows you to make a tunnel with a length of 4 to 6 meters. The width of the covering material is 2.1 m.
  2. "Snowdrop". The frame is made of PVC arcs with a diameter of 20 mm. Covering - non-woven covering material with a density of 42 g / m2. It has different lengths (4.6.8 m). Supplied with legs for installation and clips for fastening.
  3. "Palisade". Steel arcs are used as a frame. Height - 50 - 60 cm. Complete with covering material or plastic wrap, special plastic clips for fastening the cover.
  4. "Cucumber". Height 1 m, length 5 m. Frame - galvanized steel profile. Covering - polyethylene film with fasteners. Equipped with strips for fixing the film in the open state. The assembly is carried out using screws and nuts that fasten the arcs to the base of the boards. The cover is fixed with cords included in the set, for which grooves are provided in the arcs.

In addition to ready-made kits, you can separately purchase arcs and a suitable size covering material.

For what?

The covered arc greenhouse can be used from early spring to late autumn. It can be used to grow any heat-loving crops, as well as seedlings.

For each type of plant, you can choose the height of the frame. In greenhouses of small height - 50-60 cm - seedlings and cucumbers are grown. Higher designs are for peppers, tomatoes, eggplants.

Pros and cons of designs

Greenhouses from arcs comfortable for their mobility and ease of installation.

For installation no foundation construction required.

For the winter, such a greenhouse can be easily removed when folded, which means it saves storage space.

Moreover, they cheap enough compared to expensive stationary greenhouses.

However, the greenhouse also has a number of disadvantages:

  1. - The external insulation coating is not durable enough and requires regular renewal.
  2. - With all the lightness of the structure, it can just as easily be displaced under the influence of strong winds.
  3. - Additional heating cannot be carried out in a greenhouse, as in a stationary greenhouse.

With your own hands

If it is not possible to purchase a ready-made greenhouse from arcs with a covering material, you can make it yourself. The greenhouse consists of a frame and cover. Consider the options for making a greenhouse with your own hands.

The arcs that make up the frame are the main part that serves as the base. Any covering material can be placed on this base, which can be replaced as necessary. There are several options for making arcs:

  1. From a hose and wire (or willow rods). The old, not used for its intended purpose, the hose is cut into blanks, into which metal wire or willow rods are inserted. Then each piece is given an arched shape. The arcs are stuck into the ground along the length of the bed at a distance of 50-60 cm from each other.
  2. From plastic pipes. The arcs are based on metal pins stuck into the ground along the length of the bed. Bent pipes are put on them. The length of the pipe sections depends on the desired height of the greenhouse. But it is not recommended to make sections of more than 3 m in length - a greenhouse of this height will be unstable and it will be inconvenient to take care of the plants in it. For the strength of such a structure, an additional pipe can be screwed on top with a wire.
  3. PVC pipes. For such a greenhouse, it is necessary to make a frame of wooden planks, to which to attach bent pipe sections. With this design, the pipe material does not stick into the ground and does not corrode.
  4. From a metal profile. Such a frame is strong and stable, but for its manufacture you will need special equipment - a pipe bender. With this device, the pipes are given the desired shape. Since a greenhouse requires a small diameter pipe, a manual pipe bender will cope with this task.

You can see a few easy-to-assemble greenhouses from arcs with covering material in this video:

You can see other greenhouses that you can also assemble or do with your own hands here: From polycarbonate, From window frames, For seedlings, From a profile pipe, From plastic bottles, For cucumbers, Under film, To the country house, From PVC, Winter greenhouse, Wonderful dacha , Good harvest, Snowdrop, Snail, Dayas

The choice of covering material

For the successful cultivation of vegetables in a greenhouse, the choice of covering material is of no small importance. It must meet the following requirements:

  1. - It is good to let the sun go through.
  2. - Protect plants from cold air as much as possible.
  3. - Have sufficient strength for long-term use.

All these qualities are possessed by two types of material:

1. Films.

On sale there is a wide selection of films for greenhouses and greenhouses of different widths, prices and quality. The cheapest option is plain plastic wrap. But its price is the only plus. It is quite thin, and you can use it only for one season, at least two.

More durable, albeit somewhat expensive, are reinforced or air-bubbled film materials.

REFERENCE! They are more expensive than conventional films, but much more durable.

In addition, due to their thickness, such materials withstand lower temperatures and better protect plants from adverse conditions.

2. Nonwovens.

They are very popular with vegetable growers.

Any brands of such material vary in thickness. The lightest is the material with a density of 17g / m2.

The thickest in thickness is 60 g / m2.

The best option for covering greenhouses, combining sufficient density and excellent air permeability, is a density of 42g / m2.

ATTENTION! Experienced vegetable growers advise using two materials for arc greenhouses.

The frame is covered with a film at the beginning of the season, before planting plants and when sowing seeds in the ground. The fact is that such a coating helps the soil to warm up quickly and retain maximum heat to improve seedling.

Then, when the crops have sprouted or the seedlings are ready for planting in a greenhouse, the film cover is replaced with non-woven material. This coating allows the plant to breathe, which means that it excludes overheating of the plants under it. Replacement for non-woven material is carried out when the heat comes.

IMPORTANT! It is not recommended to cover a greenhouse made of arcs with a thin non-woven material, since it will tear under the influence of friction and is unlikely to serve you even until the end of one season.

Installation rules

Prepare arcs, covering material, and stones or bricks. The prepared place is dug to the required width. Depending on the design of the greenhouse, we install arcs, sticking them into the ground at a distance of 50-60 centimeters from each other, or fasten them to the prepared frame. We make additional fastenings with ropes. Wire, slats.

We cover the frame with the prepared covering material and fix it along the bottom with bricks or stones. If the structure provides for additional fasteners for the covering material, we also install them.

Your greenhouse is installed in the right place and everything is ready for planting the intended garden culture in it. Now the plants are protected from possible frost and your harvest is guaranteed.

Watch the video: Greenhouse Plans: watch us assemble a Sun Country Greenhouse kit. (August 2022).