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Growing peppers at home is becoming an increasingly popular activity for those who do not have a summer cottage. Now there are many interesting varieties that are suitable for planting on balconies and window sills. If there is not much space in the house, then it is better to choose mini-varieties.
Conditionally, pepper for the home can be divided into sweet varieties and hot ones, there is also a decorative pepper. The latter are more suitable, since they are of short stature and abundant fruiting.
However, if you want to grow bell peppers, then there is nothing difficult, you just need to follow the recommendations.
Growing peppers from seeds at home with a step by step photo
This is southern culture loves warmth and bright sunso it is important to provide it with an appropriate location. However, seedlings should be protected from exposure to too bright sun, so as not to burn the weak leaves.
When you enter a gardening store, you are faced with a difficult choice: which variety is better.
Important! Not all peppers are suitable for balcony cultivation.
Pay attention to the size of the adult plant. You should also take into account the timing of germination and the rate of fruiting. At home, we want to get the fruits as quickly as possible.
How to grow peppers from seeds at home? After you have chosen the right variety, you should plant the seeds. Many experienced gardeners recommend pre-soak them in a damp cloth or cheesecloth for four days. There are also recommendations to soak them for several hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate in order to avoid the appearance of diseases.
After the seeds have hatched, they must be carefully planted in small containers. For these purposes seedling pots work wellsuch as peat or small plastic cups.
You can plant seeds directly into the ground, they will germinate a little longer. For these purposes also small peat tablets are conveniently suitable for seedlings.
REFERENCE! Learn about planting methods such as toilet paper and snail.
Different varieties germinate in different ways, some up to 3 weeks, so you have to be patient.
Attention! Check soil moisture daily. The soil should not dry out, but also not be too wet. You can use a spray bottle to moisten the soil.
You should adhere to the temperature regime... The optimum temperature for germination of pepper seeds is 18-25ºC.
The first shoots have sprung up, what to do next?
After a while, seedlings appear. Now they need create the most optimal conditions... The first is light. If it is not enough, then the plants will begin to stretch, and then completely die.
Attention! Do not place young seedlings directly under the scorching sun.
It is convenient to use artificial lighting for seedlings. Special lamps for flowers are now on sale, but you can also use daylight, choosing the right amount. Incandescent lamps are not suitable for these purposes - they emit little light, but a lot of heat, which can burn delicate leaves.
Daylight lamps are positioned at a height of about 30 cm, daylight hours should last about 18 hours, but not less than 14 hours. To make it more convenient, you can connect special on / off control timers to the luminaire.
We land on a permanent place
As soon as the pepper seedlings reach 10-15 cm, it must be dropped off at a permanent place... Use large pots or boxes for these purposes: it grows quickly and has an extensive root system.
We carefully take out the sprout. The most convenient and less traumatic for the plant use the transshipment method... Pepper, sprouted in peat tablets, is planted with them in a pot.
Keep in mind that the larger the planting container, the larger the plant will be. As soon as the frost passes, the plant is taken out to the balcony.
If you grow large varieties of bell peppers, then take care of large containers and methods of garter plants.
Soil for pepper and top dressing
Fine suitable soil for seedlings, as well as garden soil... Peppers need a lot of nutrients for good fruiting, so humus is added.
Fertilizers are used only specially designed for vegetable crops.
Remember! You eat the fruits, so it is not recommended to over-water with top dressing.
The safest feeding is humus. You can also mix wood ash with water at the rate of 2 tablespoons per liter.
The plant needs a regular supply of moisture. Water is used warm, better settled, without chlorine... Do not allow the soil to dry out, otherwise the buds and fruits may begin to fall off.
Growing pepper seedlings on the windowsill
As we remember, pepper is a southern culture. Place it in the lightest and warmest place. Avoid drafts. It is great if the balcony is glazed, so you can avoid the effects of spring frosts.
Growing peppers on a windowsill has its own characteristics: choose the lightest window or provide additional lighting.
Inspect the plant for pests daily. Even at home in plants sometimes diseases appear and pests attack.
If you notice dark spots, yellow, twisted and falling leaves, as well as insects, take action immediately, otherwise the plant can be lost. What to do if seedlings fall?
Many varieties of chili peppers can grow and bear fruit in a room for several years. There is an interesting variety, the fruits of which change color depending on the stage of development. Hot peppers come in varying degrees of pungency. The sizes of the fruits also differ. A small-fruited variety is suitable for the kitchen, it will also be a decoration of the room and an excellent seasoning for dishes.
In general, caring for sweet and hot peppers is not difficult. The most important thing is to germinate the seedlings correctly, choose a large container and ensure the maximum supply of light.
So, today we looked at how to grow pepper seedlings on the windowsill, what nuances do you need to take into account? But growing peppers on the balcony is much easier, so we recommend this method for novice gardeners.