We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Eggplant is a very capricious culture, not easy for novice gardeners. The seedlings are especially tender.
In order for it to develop normally and form ovaries on time, it is important to follow the rules of watering, feeding, and, of course, picking.
Timely transplanting will allow the seedlings to quickly move into growth, accumulating vitality.
For today, the topic of the article is eggplants: growing seedlings, picking seedlings. How to dive eggplants for seedlings? Is it possible to bury eggplants when picking?
Picking eggplant seedlings: is it needed?
Most often, planting eggplants begins with sowing seeds in containers filled with nutrient medium. After the plants have unfolded the real leaves, they are carefully moved into individual containers. Learn more about preparing seeds before sowing.
Next stage - transplanting to a greenhouse or garden... This scheme is suitable for most varieties, it has been tried many times and gives good results.
REFERENCE! but some gardeners prefer growing eggplant seedlings without pickingby planting seeds that have been planted in individual pots, plastic cassettes or peat tablets.
Among arguments of opponents of the pick:
- transfer weakens plants, many seedlings cannot recover from it and die;
- there are varieties that do not tolerate picking;
- procedure causes additional inconvenience, lengthening the process of growing seedlings.
Proponents of the classical way emphasize that the pick has many advantages:
- it stops the growth of seedlings, allowing them to accumulate nutrients for the development of ovaries;
- when sowing in containers and subsequent picking weak plants can be discardedsaving space for strong seedlings;
- early transplant hardens plantsby increasing their immunity;
- moving will allow you to assess the condition of the roots and take urgent action if necessary.
For the procedure to be beneficial, it is important to carry it out carefully, trying not to injure the delicate roots. It is imperative to use drugs that support the immunity of seedlings and quickly heal accidental microtrauma.
Dates of the
When to dive eggplant seedlings? Most gardeners prefer to dive plants, when they unfold the first pair of real sheets... At this time, the seedlings are quite strong and viable, they survive transplantation without any problems.
In addition, at this time it is clear which eggplants develop faster, it is they who can be given preference by rejecting frail sprouts. This approach is important when transplanting into small greenhouses with limited space.
Some experts recommend earlier surgery., immediately after the cotyledon leaves are fully unfolded. At this time, the roots of the seedlings are very short, it is more difficult to damage them.
Young eggplants are taken out together with a lump of soil, which allows them to quickly adapt to a new place.
When cutting one seedling, its neighbors are not damaged... Reception is ideal for growing especially valuable varieties.
Early picking does not harm plants, but young eggplants cannot linger in containers for seedlings. The roots may overlap, after which the seedlings cannot be divided without injury. Overgrown roots break off easily, after which the plants may die.
How to dive eggplant seedlings? For young seedlings light nutritious soil is being prepared from a mixture of garden soil with humus. The soil should be light, nutritious, neutral or slightly alkaline. It is advisable to use the same soil with which the seed containers were filled.
For young eggplants small pots made of plastic or thick paper are suitable, it is possible to use containers that are self-rolled from the film. Too large pots cannot be taken, the soil in them quickly turns sour, the seedlings can get sick.
Peat cups won't work either., fragile, weak roots of eggplant cannot penetrate the dense walls of a mixture of peat with pressed cardboard. In addition, an excess of peat contributes to an increase in the acidity of the soil, eggplants do not like this.
Before picking eggplants in a container need to water well... Then each seedling is carefully pry off with a peg or a special narrow spatula.
Recommended examine the roots, they should be white, well developed, not damaged.
If the center root is too long, you can gently pinch it. It is worth considering that such a procedure will slightly delay the growth of seedlings, therefore pinching is indicated only for tall, strong, well-developed seedlings.
In a pot filled with soil, a hole is made where a young plant is placed. It is important that the hole is deep enough, the roots should not bend.
To help them straighten out, you can gently water the plant with warm water along the stem. Depth moderate, up to cotyledon leaves. The hole is filled with soil, the surface of the soil is lightly crushed with your fingers.
Final stage - dosed watering... The water should be warm, preferably boiled. You can use settled or rainwater, as well as an epin solution. A special preparation enhances the immunity of seedlings, allowing them to quickly adapt to a new place.
The soil is sprayed abundantly with a spray bottle, you can use a fine-mesh watering can... After watering, the soil is sprinkled with a thin layer of peat. Seedling pots are placed on a pallet and placed in a warm, well-lit place. In the early days, they must be protected from drafts and direct sunlight.
After 10 days, the dived seedlings can be fed with an aqueous solution of a complex mineral fertilizer (a mixture of ammonium nitrate, potassium sulfate, superphosphate).
It is advisable to combine top dressing with wateringso as not to burn the delicate roots of the seedlings.
Transplanting into the ground: little tricks
When the seedlings acquire 6-7 true leaves, it is time to transplant to a permanent place of residence. Young eggplants can be moved to the greenhouse in mid-May, they are planted in the ground under the film closer to mid-June... Much depends on climatic conditions.
The soil should warm up well, capricious eggplants will not tolerate even a slight drop in temperature.
The ideal temperature for the soil is from 15 degrees, the air should warm up to 18-20 degrees during the day. Eggplants can be transplanted into heated greenhouses at any time.
Before moving seedlings it is important to prepare the ground... It is thoroughly loosened, plant residues and other foreign inclusions are selected from the soil. A generous portion of old humus is brought in. If the soil is too acidic, you can neutralize it with dolomite flour.
Washed river sand or peat will help to lighten heavy loamy soil. For disinfection, the soil is spilled with a hot solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate.
The surface of the soil is leveled, marked holes about 12-15 cm deep... The distance between plants should not be less than 45 cm. For larger and spreading bushes, this gap can be increased.
For the convenience of caring for eggplants, aisles 60-70 cm wide are left. A handful of wood (preferably birch) ash is placed in each hole. The day before planting, the seedlings need to be watered abundantly..
It is better to transplant eggplants in the morning, in warm weather.... Plants are removed one by one from individual containers along with a clod of earth.
IMPORTANT! You don't need to shake off the soil from the roots, and you can't pull the seedlings by the stems. The pot must be carefully turned over, effortlessly removing the plant.
Cups made of cardboard or plastic can be cut to make it easier to remove.
Seedlings with a clod of earth are set in the hole. Strong deepening is harmful eggplants, they need to be covered with earth just above the surface of the pots. The soil around the seedlings is slightly compacted. Plants are watered with warm water from a fine-mesh watering can.
You cannot pour water on the stems, it is recommended to abundantly moisten the soil around the eggplants. After watering, the soil is covered with peat. Such mulching will maintain a normal moisture level, weeds will not multiply.
In the early days, the plants need to be shaded from the hot sun. The plants planted in the ground are covered with plastic wrap, fixed on arcs.
You can water young eggplants a week after transplanting, the first feeding will be required no earlier than 2 weeks later.
Correctly dived and transplanted seedlings in time is the key to the normal development of eggplants and obtaining a bountiful harvest. It is important to carefully care for the displaced plants so that they survive the first, most difficult days without problems, without delaying growth for a long time.
So, we looked at how eggplant seedlings are picked at home? The basic rules and some features of diving eggplant seedlings were given.
Read other articles on growing and caring for eggplant seedlings:
- Different growing methods: in peat tablets, in a snail and even on toilet paper.
- All the features of sowing according to the lunar calendar.
- The golden rules for growing from seeds.
- Features of cultivation in various regions of Russia: in the Urals, Siberia and the Moscow region.
Practical video about the process of picking eggplants: