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Tuberous begonia is a beautiful plant that needs a special approach when propagating. The tuber, which is a modified shoot, serves as a source of nutrients for the plant in the off-season.
In this article, we will look at how you can propagate this flower using tubers, cuttings or seeds. Let's talk about the rules for caring for begonia after breeding.
Let's discuss the possible problems that may arise when growing it. You can also watch a useful video on this topic.
How to propagate a plant?
How does begonia reproduce, depending on the species? A plant with a stem can propagate by stem cuttings.
Attention: Creeping begonias and species with pubescent leaves can be propagated by parts of a leaf, flowering - by sowing seeds, bush - by dividing the rhizome. Tuberous species reproduce by dividing the tuber into parts.
Reproduction at home
Let's take a closer look at how you can grow a tuberous begonia flower at home. Among experienced florists, propagation by stem cuttings is considered the most common method. It does not require effort or special knowledge to complete it. Using this method, you can diversify your personal collection with a very rare type of flower. The survival rate of begonias by cuttings is very high., but the most important thing is that flowering is possible immediately after the rooting of the planting material occurs.
Read about how to grow an ampelous begonia from cuttings and seeds, as well as about the rules for caring for a plant, and from this article you will learn about what kind of begonia it is and how to care for it.
This simple method is valuable because the young flower retains the maternal characteristics of the hybrid plant. This procedure is carried out in spring or autumn.
The flower propagates by stem and apical cuttings, which are best separated directly from the tuber. To do this, you should:
- In the spring, during the sprouting of tubers, you must carefully take several 12-centimeter shoots. To increase the cutting area, it is best to cut them at an acute angle.
- Sprinkle these places with ash or coal, leave to dry for several hours. It is advisable to treat with growth stimulants, this will help protect against infection and quickly take root.
- It must be placed in soft, settled or filtered water at room temperature.
Rooting process of cuttings:
- When rooting cuttings, a special temperature regime is required - 22 ° C.
- The container with planting material should be in a well-lit place, protected from direct sunlight.
- If rot appears at the end of the stem, then it is necessary to get the process and cut off the sore spot, dry it a little and put it back again, after changing the water.
- To prevent decay, it is recommended to use peat tablets or ready-made soil specially designed for seedlings. Bury the cuttings into it to a depth of 2-3 cm. Cover with a jar on top to create greenhouse conditions. It will take 30 days to root.
As soon as roots up to 2 centimeters long grow on young cuttings of a tuberous begonia, it is immediately recommended to transplant them to a permanent place. The soil must be taken specially designed for these plants or prepared by yourself... For this, it is taken in equal amounts:
- turf or leafy land;
- vegetable compost;
- river sand of a coarse fraction.
Advice: The soil does not need to be compacted after planting a young plant. Otherwise, you can damage the young, still delicate roots. The seedlings need to be watered.
We recommend watching a video about the propagation of begonia by cuttings:
The seed propagation procedure falls on the beginning of February.... This early planting allows you to plant already full deciduous shoots. Begonia will begin to bloom in the first year. Six months will pass from the moment of sowing the seeds, and at the end of the season small tubers will form, which are suitable for storage in winter (read here how to properly preserve tuberous begonia in winter).
- It is best to sow seeds in plastic containers with a lid, but you can take others, just cover them with foil or a transparent lid.
- There should be holes at the bottom through which excess water will drain. Lay a drainage layer, which is used as a washed pebble or small expanded clay.
- It is advisable to disinfect special soil for begonias, and pour it into the container with a 2-centimeter layer.
- Remove from the surface of the soil everything that can prevent the seeds from sprouting, namely:
- small pebbles;
- It is not necessary to sprinkle the seeds sown on the surface with soil, just roll them carefully.
- Then close it with a transparent lid. This will help create the necessary microclimate inside the container.
- The most suitable temperature for seed germination is 23-27 ° C. By placing it in a lighted place, you can achieve the early emergence of seedlings.
Watering delicate seedlings is only necessary from a spray bottle! It is necessary that the soil is moist, if the earth dries out even a little, then the sprouted seeds will quickly die.
- After 14 days, the lid with a stand should be raised by 1-2 cm, and after a few days it should be removed altogether, and the temperature should also be lowered to 18 ° C.
- Seedlings must be protected from direct sunlight. Tuberous begonia feels great on all windowsills, with the exception of the northern one.
In winter, seedlings need additional lighting. After the appearance of real leaves, you need to make the first pick. The distance between seedlings should be 2 cm.
- After planting, the soil is moistened, and as soon as the moisture on the leaves dries up, the container is again covered with a lid. In about a month, when the leaves of the growing seedlings close together, a second pick is needed. The grown seedlings can be immediately planted in separate pots.
We recommend watching a video about the propagation of tuberous begonia using seeds:
From the sheet
The procedure for breeding begonias from a leaf will take longer than a stem... To do this, in the spring, you need to cut off a strong large leaf from an adult plant and put it in a glass, into which you pour some water.
When evaporating, it is simply topped up, it does not need to be completely changed. After the roots appear on the cutting leaf, the leaf is planted in light soil. This procedure must be performed carefully, otherwise you can destroy the fragile roots.
We recommend watching a video about propagating tuberous begonia using a leaf:
Problems can arise with different breeding methods for begonias.:
- If the cut of the cuttings began to rot in the water, then it is quite possible that fungal infection has occurred. After the decayed part is removed, the process must be placed in fresh water, in which half a tablet of activated carbon is dissolved.
- It so happens that the shoots turn black. The cause is a fungal disease - gray rot, which appears when the plant is in a damp and cool room. It is required to carry out treatment with fungicides, and create comfortable conditions in the room.
- Sometimes the seeds do not hatch for a long time. This is observed at low temperatures and dry soil.
- If the planted seedlings become thin and long, it means that they do not have enough sunlight.
- When the leaves of a plant curl and turn yellow, then most likely they do not have enough moisture or it is hot in the room.
- If begonia is growing slowly, then it needs to be fertilized.
After breeding, the flower needs proper care. One of the important conditions is compliance with the optimal temperature and humidity conditions:
- temperature in summer is 18-22 ° С, in winter - not lower than 16 ° С;
- humidity 60% .;
- diffused sunlight.
It is advisable to water the plant in the morning or evening with water at room temperature. Watering should be carried out after the top layer has dried. Begonia must not be sprayed, otherwise fungal diseases are possible.
The flower needs fertilizing with fertilizers that contain phosphorus and potassium, especially during the flowering period (read about why tuberous begonia does not bloom, as well as what diseases and pests can destroy the flower and how to deal with them, read here). During active growth, it is necessary to feed with nitrogen.
- loosen the ground;
- remove dried flowers;
- spray the air around the plant;
- clean leaves from dust;
- check for pests.
We recommend watching a video about caring for tuberous begonia after breeding:
Tuberous begonias are decorative-deciduous and flowering... They are found in the form of herbaceous plants, shrubs and dwarf shrubs. Thanks to such a variety, you can always make a choice suitable for decorating your home and garden. Begonia can be propagated in any of the existing ways.