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Before talking about growing horseradish in the garden, I want to immediately touch on the consequences. Growing horseradish on the site is not a task for every summer resident. The fact is that horseradish is unpretentious, but as soon as it appears on the site, it is not so easy to oust it from there.
Horseradish spreads at the speed of a forest fire and captures all the free space in the garden. However, there are ways to cultivate this "crazy" plant.
We will talk about them later in the article. You will learn where horseradish grows, as well as everything about the reproduction and cultivation of this plant.
How to grow?
Horseradish, in principle, grows easily in any soil, but if you want to get a juicy root, then you need to plant it in a light and warm soil that is rich in humus. You can fertilize with manure, compost and mineral complexes, as well as other root crops.
The purpose of planting and growing horseradish is to grow a well-developed, smooth, thick and straight root. This is possible only when growing horseradish in an annual culture.
For planting, choose pieces of root with a length of 30-40 cm (root cuttings). The roots need to be cooked in the fall, or bought in the spring just before planting.
Horseradish is planted in April.
- Before planting, the cuttings are wiped with a damp cloth, removing the dormant eyes - this is necessary so that the root does not branch.
- The roots are planted in holes 10 centimeters deep at a distance of 50-60 centimeters from each other. It is necessary to plant at an angle, so that the upper part of the root is submerged by 5 cm, and the lower - by 10 cm. On the lower part, horseradish will start up a new root system.
Differences from other vegetables
The most important difference is its "offline mode". Horseradish grows and multiplies itself, the main thing is to let it settle down. There is no need to care for or water on a timer, the main thing is to prevent diseases and eliminate pests in time. It is a kind of weed that is highly resistant to all weather conditions.
How to choose the right variety?
You need to make sure that the variety is suitable for the type of planting and soil, coincides with the planting season and moisture level. Also pay attention to the incompatibility of plants, which will be discussed below.
Where to locate and what is adjacent?
If in most cases the restrictions are a minus, in this case it is a big plus, because they will not allow the horseradish to spread into closed areas. It is necessary to choose plants that inhibit the growth of other crops in the same waysuch as garlic, ivy.
It will be rather strange to see ivy in the garden next to the vegetable patch, nevertheless, such a “living fence” will allow you to keep the planned borders of the horseradish site.
When to land?
In principle, it does not matter what time of year to plant horseradish at home, unless the "bed" is on the balcony or in another cold place. Place the pot with the plant in a neutral place, where there is not a lot of light or temperature changes.
In the garden in the country
Like other plants, horseradish is planted in spring.so as not to disrupt the natural life cycle. Horseradish also needs to prepare for the winter by moving all energy systems closer to the soil to retain more heat and water in the winter.
Step-by-step instructions for growing by seeds
We will plant seeds in the spring. To do this, you need to choose a not hot, not rainy day, it is desirable that the soil is dried.
- First you need to choose a neutral soil and prepare all fertilizers.
- Pour drainage into the bottom of the flowerpot.
- Stir the soil with fertilizers.
- Dig a small (3 cm seed hole).
- Bury the seeds and tamp a little.
- Place in a cool dry place.
In the open field
There are several important aspects to consider before planting a plant.
- The best choice would be an area where nothing has grown over the past few years. It can be a corner or an edge of a lot. If this does not work, then plant a plant with crops that die off early.
- It is better to choose the most fertile soil area. In a place where the soil is clayey and compacted, the plants will be dry and very hard. Also, before planting, it is better to fertilize the site, dig up and water it. Only in this case will the soil be completely ready.
- The lighting should be good. Horseradish easily tolerates extreme heat and scorching sun.
This is where the requirements end. The main thing is not to touch the horseradish, then it will grow strong and give a lot of harvest... If you tinker with it like a hand-written sack, horseradish will be weak and, perhaps, will not survive the winter.
Planting in spring
Horseradish cuttings are prepared since autumn during harvesting and are kept in a basement or cellar in dry sand or sawdust.
You can prepare cuttings in the spring, but you need to have time to do this before the foliage appears.
- One and a half to two weeks before planting, the roots are pulled out of the cellar and kept in a warm place, covered with a damp cloth. As soon as the buds sprout, horseradish can be planted.
- Before planting, lateral processes up to 25 cm long and up to 12 mm in diameter are removed
- Long cuttings are cut into pieces, making the upper cut horizontal and the lower cut obliquely, after which they are planted on the garden bed. The density is about 4-6 cuttings per square meter, between the beds you need to retreat 50-60 centimeters.
How does it multiply?
How to plant horseradish, can it be propagated in the garden by shoots or cuttings?
Horseradish is propagated by root cuttings, the length of which is 15-20 centimeters, and the thickness is 1-1.5 centimeters. Planting is best in early spring. In places of industrial cultivation of horseradish, they do not take care of it in any way, they only dig in and loosen the ground in time before planting. Under normal conditions, insects and wind carry seeds and plant debris over short distances, so sometimes horseradish travels not only over land, through the root system.
What are the mistakes and how to overcome them?
The most common mistake is planting horseradish near plants, as it will take away nutrients from them. Excessive care and an attempt to manually cultivate the plant can also be attributed to mistakes. In the wild, it sits between common plants and stronger, "dominant" crops. Also, poor surface preparation can be called the cause of the crop failure.
Many, believing that horseradish is a wild plant, do not even clean the corner or the outskirts of the garden from all sorts of debris (including household ones), and decomposing polymers will harm any plant. Also, do not water the plant too often, otherwise it will simply drown in the water and the roots will not be in close contact with the ground.
Harvesting and storage
Horseradish leaves begin to be harvested in August - they are used as a spice for pickling cucumbers, tomatoes and other vegetables. Try not to cut off all the leaves from one plant, as their absence will prevent the root from growing further. Leaves are cut at a height of about 10-15 cm from the ground level on the site, so as not to damage the young leaves and the upper bud.
Mass harvesting of fruits begins in the third decade of October or early November, before the onset of frost, when the horseradish leaves have already turned yellow and began to dry out. If you planted large cuttings, then the horseradish harvest falls on the year of planting, if the cuttings were small, then good root crops will sprout only the next year. Before harvesting, the leaves of horseradish are cut off, the root is digged in with a shovel and removed. Try not to leave even the smallest roots in the soil, because by next year there will not be a place free of horseradish on the site.
Diseases and pests
Horseradish is extremely resistant to diseases, unlike other cultures. In extreme conditions and poor care, it can be infected by white rot, leucorrhoea, verticillium and mosaic. Of the pests for horseradish, cruciferous fleas, rapeseed bugs and flower beetles, cabbage bugs and moths are dangerous. Diseases can also be transmitted from neighboring crops, which means they need to be checked, too, in the process of a diagnostic bypass.
How to protect?
Viral diseases are not cured, so the plants that have been affected by the mosaic will have to be thrown away. Regarding leucorrhoea and white rot: these are fungal diseases, the causative agents of which can be eradicated at the initial stage of the development of the disease by treatment with preparations that contain copper - Bordeaux mixture, copper sulfate, "Oxyhom", "Tiovit", "Jet" and others.
In the fight against insect pests, agricultural techniques are used (observance of crop rotation, weed control, removal of plant residues and deep processing of the site after harvesting), as well as treatment of plants with insecticides - Aktellik, Foxim in the case of flea beetles and bedbugs, Tsimbush, Etaphos or Zolon in the case of the flower beetle and moth.
The last processing of horseradish with chemical preparations is carried out no later than three weeks before harvesting.
Care and prevention of various problems
To avoid problems, you need to follow the algorithms for the selection and planting of seeds., carry out diagnostics and inspection of plants, in case of infection, immediately isolate the sick individual until it has infected the entire population. These simple rules will help you grow a great pickle seasoning and delicious salad ingredient.
Summing up, you need to express the main idea - horseradish can grow by itself, all that is required from the summer resident is to start this process and not interfere with what nature intended. We hope that our article will help you quickly and easily organize the planting of this plant on your site, and the harvest will delight you and cause the envy of your neighbors in your summer cottage.
How to grow horseradish is described in this video: