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Why can carrots turn out small? How to grow a large and sweet vegetable, which varieties are better?

Why can carrots turn out small? How to grow a large and sweet vegetable, which varieties are better?



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Important indicators of the quality of carrots are high sugar content, large size and even shape.

To grow sugary, large and crunchy carrots, a sunny site is prepared in advance, potash and phosphorus fertilizers are introduced in the fall. They dig deep, plant green manure, sometimes add it to the beds of sand.

After sowing, pay attention to the correct watering and dressing. It is also important to choose the right variety. About this and much more - in the article.

List of growing factors that affect the quality of the root crop

Reasons for small, savory and unpalatable carrots:

  • Heavy rocky or clayey ground.
  • The acidic pH is below 5.5.
  • Incorrect selection of varieties - instead of F1, sowing F2 carrots with signs of a wild root crop.
  • Lack of watering at the beginning of the season.
  • Shallow arable layer.
  • Deficiency of important minerals, especially potassium.
  • Introducing excess fresh organic matter.
  • Damage to plantings by a carrot fly.
  • Delayed digging up of the crop.

When choosing a variety, pay attention to keeping quality... Carrots for long-term storage are inferior in taste to varieties for quick use.

The main reason for the low sugar content is the deficiency of potassium and phosphorus. Phosphorus salts increase the level of sugars, potassium affects the growth of tissues and the formation of tender pulp. The sweetness of the vegetable is sharply reduced on acidified soil.

To neutralize:

  • Once every 6-8 years, the site is limed.
  • Wood ash is introduced when digging 0.5-1.2 kg per 1 m2.

Attention! With late harvesting, the taste of the root crop deteriorates and the vegetable may taste bitter.

Why can carrots in the garden turn out small?

Carrots love moderately moist, well loosened and light soil with sufficient oxygen access to the root system. In compacted or heavy chernozem, the size of the root crop is much smaller. The vegetable is sensitive to moisture at the beginning of the growing season.

Particularly unfavorable for growth:

  • Fertilizing the beds with manure.
  • Untreated heavy soil.
  • Superficial crust after irrigation or rain.
  • Uneven watering.
  • Drying out of the soil.

Step by step instructions: how to make it big, sweet and juicy?

Consider what exactly needs to be done so that the carrots in the garden grow large, and also be sweet and juicy. To obtain a high-quality harvest, you should adhere to agrotechnical rules..

The right choice of location and predecessors

Carrots need a lot of sun to build up the aerial parts and root crops. Tall crops - corn, sunflower as neighbors are planted only on the north side to avoid shading.

Carrots grow excellently after such predecessors:

  • Cucumbers.
  • Beans.
  • Zucchini.
  • Potatoes.
  • Bow.
  • Lentils.
  • Pumpkin.
  • Tomatoes.

reference! If green manure crops are not sown on the beds, the carrots are returned to the same bed after 3-4 years.

Optimum sowing time in open ground

The timing depends on the region, climate, weather conditions. A sweeter carrot that is sown in fall and early varieties for spring planting.

Landing types Timing
Podzimny sowingMid-late November The Earth should freeze slightly
Sowing early varietiesSecond half of April There is a lot of moisture in the soil after the snow melts
Sowing mid-season varietiesEnd of April, beginning of May The earth is warmed up and slightly dry
Planting late-maturing speciesEnd of May, first 2 decades of June

Special soil preparation

Carrots are demanding on the looseness of the soil... Ideal for her:

  • Sandy sandwiches.
  • Loams.
  • Peat lands.

The increased density of the earth is easy to fix:

  1. To do this, in the spring, 1 bucket of sand is applied per 1 m2.
  2. Deep digging is carried out on a shovel bayonet, loosened with a rake.

The softer and fluffier the ground becomes, the larger the roots grow.

Sand can be scattered between rows, driving it into the soil when loosening.

You can sow carrots in box beds... To do this, they are filled with a loose soil mixture:

  • Turf.
  • Sand.
  • Over-matured compost.
  • Peat.

The optimum depth for laying the substrate is 30-40 cm. For carrots, slightly alkaline or neutral soil is needed, with a pH in the range of 6.5-7.

Sowing green manures helps to improve the quality of the soil and the taste of carrots.:

  • Mustard.
  • Oats.
  • Phacelia.

Mulching with a thick layer of up to 10 cm has a good effect on enlargement

Good care

The marketability of the vegetable and the taste characteristics largely depend on the observance of the rules of agricultural technology:

  • juiciness;
  • sugar content;
  • big sizes;
  • even shape.
  • On heavy lands, they carry out a hole landing:

    • Recesses up to 40 cm are made with a crowbar.
    • Fall asleep humus-ash substrate.
    • Seeds are brought in 1-2 pieces and sprinkled.

    Due to the infestations of carrot flies, the taste of vegetables becomes bitter, the growth of root crops slows down. To combat pests, tobacco dust is poured into the aisles (read about pests and diseases of carrots here). It is carried out for the purpose of prophylaxis when thinning seedlings.

    Watering

    In the first month after planting, watered abundantlyso that the soil is saturated 15-20 cm deep. Watering frequency 2-3 times a week. Gradually, after 40-45 days, the multiplicity and volumes are reduced.

    Thinning

    A developing seedling needs room to grow. Timely thinning improves the setting of root crops. The optimal distance is 3-5 cm. The first thinning is carried out in the presence of 1 true leaf.

    Top dressing

    To make the carrots sweet, minerals are used for feeding.... With the introduction of organic matter - manure or compost, aerial stems grow rapidly, and the roots become smaller, become tasteless, fibrous and rough. The carrots go entirely into the tops, the roots acquire an unpleasant iodine aftertaste (why does the tops fall in the garden and the carrots grow ugly?).

    Organic dressings are applied to the beds with their predecessors - pumpkins, potatoes, zucchini.

    The sugar content of carrots increases by 30-50%:

    • Phosphorus-potassium mixture.
    • Sodium humate.
    • Magnesium supplements.
    • Boric acid.
    • Wood ash as a source of potassium, boron, manganese.

    reference... With the help of manganese sulfate in a ratio of 1 to 10 with water, the content of sugars and carotene is increased.

    Irrigated in August... If the carrot is unsweetened, prepare a boric acid solution for spraying the beds in the ratio:

    • 2 tbsp boron.
    • 4 p. water.

    Foliar dressing is carried out from the second half of August. Several times, carrots are fed with a complex composition.

    For fertilization, a solution is prepared from the following components:

    Name amount
    Water10 l
    Potassium nitrate20-25 g
    Double superphosphate15 g
    Urea15 g

    Used for dressing 3 times per season:

    • First... After 10-14 days from the moment of emergence.
    • Second and third... 2 weeks after the previous one.

    Wood ash improves marketability well... Pour into the grooves at a dose of 100 g per 1 m2.

    Correct harvesting

    Root crops are harvested in dry weather. It is undesirable to dig the crop after the rain - the carrot can crack, burst. It becomes watery and loses its sweetness.

    Next, you can watch a video that tells you step by step how a gardener needs to act in order to grow a sweet and large carrot:

    Read more about carrot care here.

    List of varieties

    The most popular varieties are bright orange in color., sugar and crunchy pulp, large.

    The sweetest

    • Sweet tooth... Small core. Average weight 80-100 g. Ripens at a later date. Bonuses - keeping quality, productivity, wonderful taste.
    • Olympus... High levels of carotene and sugars. It grows in length up to 22 cm. The color is red-orange.
    • Marmalade... Sugar hybrid with medium maturation. Weight 140-200 g. Stored for a long time.
    • Caramel... The pulp contains a lot of sugars. Ideal for children's and dietetic meals, for making purees and juices. Length within 15-20 cm.
    • Amsterdam... Medium early grade. The pulp is sugary, juicy, crispy. Weight 140-200 g. Length about 20 cm.
    • Nastya Slastena... Ripening in 76-120 days. The core is small. Weight from 80 to 180 g.
    • Honey-sugar... High-yielding hybrid of medium early ripening. The shape is cylindrical. With a honey aroma and high sugar levels.

    Different regions of Russia have different climatic conditions and therefore the subtleties of growing carrots will be different. On our website you can learn about growing vegetables in the Urals, Siberia and central Russia.

    Large and long

    • Chantenay Royal... It grows up to 18-20 cm in length. Weight varies within 0.2 kg. Ideal for storage.
    • Baltimore... A hybrid from the Berlikum group. The mass of 1 vegetable reaches 250 g. High-yielding -120 t / ha.
    • Gerada... An early hybrid. Return of the crop in 90 days. Weight 200-250 g, length 25 cm, diameter 5-6 cm.
    • Abaco... Maturation after 110 days. Average size 18-20 cm. Diameter 4-6 cm. Does not crack.

    Nobody likes carrots with bitterness and small sizes. To grow beautiful root crops with excellent taste, they sow seeds in loosened soil with sand and peat, thin out, loosen the aisles. They are fed in several stages with mineral solutions with the obligatory content of potassium, phosphorus, boron.


    Watch the video: How to Sow Carrots Seeds The simple trick to good germination every time!. Gardening Tips (August 2022).