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Before planting seeds and shoots in the garden, you need to think over a plan for their location in the beds. Some plants help carrots grow larger and tastier, while others, on the contrary, harm. For the fruits to be large, juicy and healthy, follow the rules for the compatibility of the root crop with other crops.
Further in the article, it is described in detail with which crops it is desirable to combine carrots, and next to which planting should be avoided. You will learn about the consequences of the wrong combination of vegetables in the beds and how to correct mistakes.
The importance of choosing the right neighbors
If you plant carrots next to other root vegetables that need the same minerals, the plants will lack nutrients. They will grow small and dry. It is not recommended to plant plants next to carrots that attract the same pests. This will completely ruin the harvest.
You can not plant crops in the same bed that spoil the taste of fruits growing nearby, give them bitterness, acidity or an unpleasant aftertaste.
There are plants that, on the contrary, have a beneficial effect on the taste and quality of carrots, drive away pests, give it sweetness and juiciness. They can be planted across a row with a root crop, keeping a distance of 10-25 cm.
Which vegetables do carrots have good and bad compatibility with?
What crops will be useful in the neighborhood in the open field and why:
- Bow - this plant exudes esters and phytoncides into the air, which scare off carrot flies and root mites. The root vegetable helps protect onions and garlic from moths and onion aphids.
- Garlic - also helps to protect the fruit from flies. Garlic releases antifungal agents into the soil, protecting the root crop from rotting. Carrots enrich the soil with enzymes to form large heads.
- Legumes - give root vegetables a sweet taste.
- Tomatoes - enrich the soil with nitrogen, helping to grow large and juicy carrots.
- Greens (lettuce, sage, spinach) - give aroma and sweet taste.
The following plants will not harm the neighborhood:
What plants can not be planted in the same garden:
- Dill - This plant is related to a root vegetable and requires the same nutrients. Growing nearby, they attract harmful insects that ruin the crop. The same rule applies to parsley, celery, anise, fennel.
- Beetroot, horseradish - These root vegetables are larger than carrots and will take up most of the nutrients.
- Apple tree - the fruits of both crops will be bitter.
- Horseradish - this root vegetable grows deep into the ground, secretes substances that spoil the taste of carrots and takes away all the minerals it needs.
It is useful to plant marigolds or marigolds along the beds with root crops. Their scent will keep flies and aphids away.
Planting in the same bed with the root crop and between the rows
Gardeners with a small area of land use mixed plantings. If you follow the rules of crop compatibility, then the harvest will be plentiful.
- In order for onions and carrots to get along in the same bed, they need to be planted through a row at a distance of 15 cm. First, onion seeds are sown, after 2 weeks a root crop.
- There are 2 ways to plant carrots with radishes or rutabagas in the same bed. The seeds can be mixed and poured into the prepared trench. Also, crops can be planted by alternating rows at a distance of 10-15 cm.
- Greens can be planted between rows by scattering seeds around the garden.
- For legumes or tomatoes, it is best to set aside a separate bed next to the carrots. If you plant them closer than at a distance of 50-60 cm, then their tall bushes will cast a shadow and the tops of the root crop will be left without sunlight.
- You can plant dill or celery on the same bed if you divide them with rows of onions or garlic. It is important that the distance is at least 30 cm. This way they will not attract flies and take nutrients from each other.
Consequences of violation of neighborhood rules
An illiterate approach to sowing vegetables will lead to a decrease in the quality of the crop or its death:
- If you plant nearby crops that need a different watering regime, then the root crop will either rot or dry out.
- Competitive vegetables will siphon nutrients from the soil and the carrots will grow small and tasteless.
- Some plants attract the same pests. Leaving them to grow together will not save the crop.
- Planting incompatible crops impairs the palatability of both.
What to do in case of errors?
If it happens that the carrots are planted with a prohibited plant, it is necessary to take action as soon as possible. This will help preserve not all, but part of the crop. For example, dill, parsley and other spices are pulled out immediately after they sprout. They are already ready for use in cooking. If the root crop is planted next to the apple tree, then the root crop will have to be sacrificed. Otherwise, the apples will taste bitter next year.
It should be remembered that transplanting carrots is not recommended. When dug up, part of the root remains in the soil and the fruit begins to grow, taking on an irregular shape. From this, the fruits lose their taste and useful properties.
If the carrots are planted next to the beets, the second should be transplanted. This must be done carefully, pulling out the beets with a lump of earth. You can't get rid of horseradish like that. You can leave the carrot next to it, but it will taste bitter.
The compatibility of carrots with other vegetables in the garden has been determined empirically for a long time. Today, gardeners plant the root crop next to the desired plants to grow a rich, tasty and healthy crop.