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Rules for planting and caring for perennial and annual marigolds. Plant species and hybrids

Rules for planting and caring for perennial and annual marigolds. Plant species and hybrids


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Marigolds are ornamental plants that belong to the Aster family. They are unpretentious to care for, they can be grown in the open field and on the balcony. Bloom in flower beds from June until frost. There are annual and perennial varieties.

This article describes how to plant marigolds with seeds and seedlings, and will also provide detailed recommendations for caring for the plant.

Do annuals exist or not?

There are perennial and annual varieties of marigolds. The former are suitable for long-term breeding - in a city flower bed, summer cottage or in the yard. Flowers grow every year.

Annual varieties need to be planted every year. But it is not necessary to do this in a flower bed. You can use pots, flower boxes, flowerpots.

Species, hybrids of plants and photos

In total, there are about 53 species of marigolds. Most of them grow in the wild in Central and South America. They differ in structure:

  • chrysanthemum (baskets with tubular petals);
  • carnation (only with ligulate petals);
  • anemic (tubular petals in the middle of the flower, ligulate at the edges).

Chrysanthemum:

Clove:

Anemoid:

Marigolds are divided into 3 types:

  1. Marigolds erect - have a highly branched straight stem. The bushes are often tall, the flowers are large and mostly monochromatic. The color ranges from orange to dark brown. Cut flowers keep their fresh look for a long time.
  2. Thin-leaved (Mexican) - unpretentious varieties that can grow in shaded flower beds. Resistant to drought and temperature extremes.
  3. French (rejected) marigolds - a variety with branched bushes, shoots are deflected in different directions. Average height, 50-80 cm, densely covered with small baskets (4-6 cm in diameter).

Erect:

Thin-leaved:

French:

Annuals

Annual marigolds are distinguished by a large assortment of hybrids. New varieties are bred annually, which allows each summer to decorate the flower bed with bright flowers of new shapes and colors. Of the annual marigolds, hybrids are very popular:

  • Alaska - Sprawling bushes with soft creamy inflorescences that grow up to 12 cm in diameter. One bush grows 20-25 buds.
  • Yellow stone - tall marigolds with golden flowers. In an adult plant, the inflorescences grow up to 15 cm in diameter.
  • Gnome - dwarf variety with small brown-orange inflorescences. The maximum height of the bush is 25 cm.
  • Golden dollar - forms tall bushes 100-120 cm in height with rich red-orange flowers.
  • Paprika - refers to thin-leaved dwarf marigolds. The flowers are bright red, small. They are often planted in city parks, squares, and squares.

Alaska:

Yellow stone:

Dwarf:

Golden dollar:

Paprika:

Perennials

Perennial marigolds do not have a large assortment and belong to the French (rejected) variety. Types of perennial black shaves:

  1. Bonzan series - unites hybrids Bolero, Orange, Harmony. Low-growing bushes with carnation-shaped baskets 4-6 cm. The palette of shades is varied, from bright yellow to dark brown flowers.
  2. Carmen - dense dwarf bushes, replete with red flowers with orange edging around the edges.

Bonzana:

Carmen:

Planting and leaving

Marigolds are planted by growing seedlings, or immediately by seeds in open ground. Flower care includes standard activities:

  • timely watering;
  • loosening the soil and preparing for wintering.

In general, the plant is unpretentious, and, subject to the elementary rules of cultivation, it will delight with bright flowers until the cold weather.

In the garden or in the summer cottage, it is recommended to plant marigolds next to cabbage and potato beds, berry bushes. This neighborhood scares off pests.

Seeds

A simple way that does not require experience. It is enough to purchase seeds of the desired variety and sow them in the ground after preliminary treatment. It is recommended to soak the planting material in warm water for several hours. After that, the seeds swell and germinate faster.

The recommended landing time is the first half of May, when the soil is warm enough. For planting, you need to choose sunny areas. Seeds are laid 5 cm deep. Deeper burial is fraught with late germination.

If the seedlings are too thick, you can divide and plant them.

We suggest watching a video on how to sow marigolds in open ground:

Seedlings

You need to start growing seedlings at the end of March. The seeds can be purchased at the store or prepared in advance by yourself. The soil is prepared from a mixture of turf, peat and sand, in a ratio of 1: 1: 3. You can buy ready-made substrate in the store. Before planting, you can put the seeds in damp gauze and leave in a warm place for several days.

  1. At the bottom of the container for future seedlings, a drainage of expanded clay is laid out by 2-3 cm.
  2. Prepared soil is poured on top. It must be abundantly moistened with water, it is also recommended to water the soil with a solution of potassium permanganate. This helps to kill bacteria and fungi.
  3. You need to lay the seeds to a depth of 1.5-2 cm, carefully sprinkle with earth.
  4. Abundant watering is not needed now, so as not to wash the planting material out of the soil. Containers with future seedlings can be covered with foil - this will speed up the seedlings. The first shoots will appear in 2-4 days.

If the seedlings have sprouted too thickly, you need to thin them out. The remaining sprouts will develop faster. It is possible to plant seedlings in open ground in late April or early May, when the soil warms up to 13-14º.

Lighting, watering, loosening

  • Marigolds love sunny areas. You can plant them in shaded areas, but ideally the sun should illuminate the beds for 12-14 hours.
  • During the growing season, seedlings need daily watering. The soil must be constantly moist, drying out is unacceptable. With the appearance of the first flowers, the need for irrigation decreases. It is necessary to ensure that there is no stagnation of water in the beds. Adult flowers are watered as needed.

    A sign of moisture deficiency is sluggish and drooping leaves. Therefore, in the heat, you need to inspect the plants and the soil under them. If the ground is hard and cracked, urgent watering is required. On very hot days, it is better to water early in the morning or in the evening, after sunset.

    Do not overuse irrigation - excess moisture leads to root rot and further death of the plant.

  • Loosening improves soil ventilation and provides oxygen access to the roots. Held once a week. It is also necessary to remove weeds in a timely manner.

Preparing for winter

Perennial marigolds are frost-resistant. There is no need for a special construction on the flowerbed. In regions with harsh winters, it is enough to wrap the plants with an air-permeable cloth.

Reproduction

Perennial varieties are propagated by windy sowing - after drying, the seed capsule opens, and the seeds are spread around the garden bed. You can artificially propagate them. To do this, they dig out a bush and divide it into parts, then plant it again in the ground.

Collection and storage of seeds

To collect planting material, it is necessary to select healthy baskets. After drying, they are plucked and the seeds are poured out. They can be stored for up to a year in a paper bag in a room with normal humidity.

Marigolds are beautiful and unpretentious flowers that will decorate any site or city flower bed. Perennial varieties are planted once. Annual marigolds bloom one season, but every summer you can plant a flower bed with new hybrids.


Watch the video: Tips for growing marigold hybrid plants at home with easy 5 methods (July 2022).


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