What are the beneficial properties of fennel and are there any contraindications? The use of pharmaceutical dill in medicine and cooking

 What are the beneficial properties of fennel and are there any contraindications? The use of pharmaceutical dill in medicine and cooking

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The second name of fennel is pharmaceutical dill, but with the external similarity of the root parts, the origin of these plants is different.

Fennel has found wide application both in folk and official medicine, as well as in cosmetology and cooking.

In this article, you will learn about the medicinal properties of fennel, its chemical composition and indications for use. Also familiarize yourself with the possible side effects and possible harm to the body.

The medicinal qualities of the herb of pharmaceutical dill

The plant is able to eliminate foci of inflammation in the body, has a healing and calming effect, and has a beneficial effect on the digestive system. It is used for vasodilation, lowers cholesterol levels. In complex therapy, it is effective in the treatment of tuberculosis, bronchitis, asthma and hepatitis. When taken regularly, fennel can raise progesterone levels. The effect is cumulative and the result will be noticeable after a while.

The herb is used to make teas, allowing in complex therapy to successfully solve problems with the gastrointestinal tract, kidneys, respiratory and reproductive organs. Healing infusions prepared on the basis of dried seeds help to cope with spastic colitis, flatulence and neurasthenia.

The fruits must be included in the diet of people with diabetes. This non-starchy vegetable has a low glycemic index. Fennel seeds are excellent breath fresheners. Many toothpastes, balms and mouthwashes are made from the plant. To eliminate the unpleasant odor in the mouth, simply chew the seeds thoroughly.

Fennel oil has a beneficial effect on the central nervous system, relieving fears, eliminating anxiety. Oil should be used with caution - no more than 1 tsp. per day, since an overdose will turn the medicinal composition into poison.

For children

Fennel decoction is especially useful for infants, as it helps to cope with colic and bloating in a still fragile digestive system. Infusions and decoctions from seeds or herbs, within a few minutes, improve the condition of the baby, thanks to the inulin and aspartic acid included in the composition, without causing any side effects.

For older children, eating fennel root is good.... The calcium it contains contributes to the proper formation and development of bones.

Important! Fennel is indicated for children from four months. If there is a need for its use at an earlier age, it is imperative to consult a doctor.

Read more about the use of fennel for children here.

For women's health

The use of infusion from fennel seeds allows you to normalize the menstrual cycle, soften or completely eliminate unpleasant manifestations in menopause and with PMS.

Read more about the benefits and contraindications of fennel for women here.

When breastfeeding

Fennel is recommended during lactation, as it qualitatively increases the synthesis of estrogens, on which the amount of milk directly depends. It will also help to overcome vitamin deficiency and stress, as it is a natural sedative, normalizes the psycho-emotional state of a young mother.

During pregnancy

While waiting for the baby, it is better for a woman to exclude fennel from her menu. The plant has a powerful antispasmodic effect., therefore, its use is categorically unacceptable in the second and third trimester.


Fennel is not a substitute for people who want to lose weight in their diets. It suppresses hunger, has a diuretic effect, removing excess water, activates metabolism and gives energy. Its regular use reduces weight due to the normalization of the pancreas, which is responsible for the proper absorption of proteins, fats and sugars.

With colic

In renal colic, fennel, which contains phytoestrogen polymers, has an antispasmodic effect, reduces discomfort and relaxes smooth muscles.

For cosmetic purposes

The plant contains all the necessary substances to maintain the beauty and health of the skin., especially mature, since preparations based on it help to reduce the number of wrinkles, eliminate age-related pigmentation, even out the tone of the face, and retain moisture in the epidermis. Also, fennel extract stimulates cell division, which allows the skin to achieve the production of its own collagen, due to the initiated regeneration process.

Regular use of masks with fennel will allow the skin to react less to external adverse factors, such as UV radiation, wind, low temperatures, polluted air, and low-quality cosmetics.

For the intestines, for constipation

The plant's mild laxative effect can be a real panacea for constipated people. Tea from seeds or eating a raw root rich in coarse fiber is especially effective in triggering the work of peristalsis. The seeds can be simply chewed without brewing, this will also help to launch the intestines.

The basic properties of the plant are used in the treatment of intestinal diseases associated with acidity levels. Fennel components are part of antacids and carminative tinctures.

With pancreatitis

The plant helps to eliminate the manifestations of pancreatitis, providing an anti-inflammatory effect, beneficially affecting the gastric mucosa, normalizes increased peristalsis and reduces gas formation.

Benefits for hormones

The high content of phytoestrogens allows fennel to participate in the restoration of hormonal balance. The seeds are used in the treatment of polycystic ovary syndrome and hormonal disorders.

Chemical composition


Per 100 g, fennel contains:

  • C - 12 mg.
  • A - 134 mg.
  • B1 - 0.010 mg.
  • B2 - 0.032 mg.
  • B3 - 0, 640 mg.
  • B5 0.232 mg
  • B6 - 0.032 mg.


  • Potassium - 414 mg
  • Calcium - 49 mg
  • Sodium - 52 mg
  • Magnesium - 17 mg
  • Phosphorus - 50 mg

Trace elements

  • Copper - 10.67 mg
  • Iron - 18 mg
  • Zinc - 3.7 mg.
  • Manganese - 6.53 mg

Essential amino acids

  • Arginine - 0.68g.
  • Valine - 0.915g.
  • Histidine - 0.331 g.
  • Isoleucine - 0.695g.
  • Leucine - 0.996g.
  • Lysine - 0.758g.
  • Methionine - 0.301 g.
  • Threonine - 0.602g.
  • Tryptophan - 0.253 g.
  • Phenylalanine - 0.647g.

Essential amino acids

  • Alanine - 0.789g.
  • Aspartic acid - 1.833g.
  • Glycine - 1.107g.
  • Glutamic acid - 2.956 g
  • Proline - 0.9 g
  • Serine - 0.9 g.
  • Tyrosine - 0.41g.
  • Cysteine ​​- 0.222 g.

Calorie content, BZHU

100 g of product contains:

  • Protein - 15.8 gr.
  • Fat - 14.87 gr.
  • Carbohydrates - 52.29 gr.
  • Water - 8.81 g (0.4%).

The calorie content of the bulbs is 31 Kcal.

Energy value 345 kcal.

Indications for use

  • Gastric and intestinal cramps.
  • Dyspeptic symptoms and pain in the abdominal cavity.
  • Diseases of the liver and biliary tract.
  • Kidney stone disease.
  • Respiratory tract diseases.
  • Tuberculosis.
  • Cystitis.
  • Arterial hypertension.
  • Scanty menstrual bleeding.
  • Breast milk deficiency.

Extract - what is it, why do they drink it?

Liquid fennel extract, which is a concentrated extract from a plant, is recommended for use in diets as a source of biologically active substances of plant origin in order to create optimal nutritional conditions for general strengthening of the body and optimizing the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract.

In this form, fennel retains its unique chemical composition and properties, while it is very convenient to take - a single dose is 7-10 drops.

Potential harm to the body

The plant has a fairly small list of contraindications for use..

  • Individual intolerance.
  • Fennel tea is not recommended for people suffering from dysbiosis or diarrhea, as it has a laxative effect.
  • The herb can be harmful for arrhythmias.
  • Fennel should be introduced into the diet of nursing mothers gradually in order to avoid an allergic reaction in the baby.

Side effects

Seed overdose (500 mg / kg) can lead to side effects such as severe muscle contraction, indigestion and complete loss of appetite.

Folk recipes

Infusion for colic


  • Fennel seeds - 5g.
  • Boiling water - 200 ml.

Preparation: pour boiling water over the seeds, cover the container with a lid and let the composition brew for half an hour.

Application: Divide the ready-made composition into parts and give to the child six times during the day. The infusion must be warm.

Decoction for coughing


  • Plant seeds - 3 tbsp.
  • Hot water - 400 ml.


  1. Grind the seeds in a coffee grinder to flour.
  2. Pour over hot water, put on fire and bring to a boil.
  3. Keep on low heat for 40 minutes.
  4. Let the broth cool and strain.

Application: use 50 ml, three times a day, until complete recovery.

Important! A prepared cough decoction can also be used to treat inflammation of the mouth. To do this, you need to rinse your mouth 4-5 times during the day.

Tincture for cleansing blood vessels


  • Chopped fennel seeds - 3 tablespoons
  • St. John's wort flowers - 1 tbsp.
  • Celery foliage - 1 tablespoon
  • Raspberry, currant and strawberry leaves - 1 tbsp.
  • White wine - 2 l.

Preparation: Mix all ingredients and place in a glass bottle, pour over with wine. Cork the bottle and place in a cool, dark place for a month. Strain the infusion.

Application: take 2 tablespoons per day for 1-2 months

How to use it in cooking?

For culinary purposes, Florentine fennel is most often used, which has all the beneficial properties inherent in this vegetable. Its twigs are visually similar to dill and are used as a seasoning. The stem of the plant has a fibrous structure similar to celery and is an excellent ingredient in soups.

Fennel seeds are a famous spice, without which it is impossible to imagine real Italian sausage, Mediterranean stew and some types of bread. Ground fennel seeds are a key ingredient in classic Indian and Chinese spices. True gourmets have even found a use for fennel pollen., it is added in small quantities to salads, fish is rubbed with it before grilling and set off the taste of classic pasta.

Purchased tea

Fennel tea can be purchased at pharmacies or specialty stores. Most often, manufacturers position it as a drink for nursing mothers or newborns, but this drink has all the same beneficial properties as a homemade fennel decoction. Therefore, in the absence of contraindications, everyone can use it.

Fennel is a treasure trove of substances beneficial to the body. and a real find for those who want to maintain their health or solve existing problems. Availability and few contraindications are a couple of good reasons to add fennel to your diet to maintain your body.

We offer you to watch a video about the beneficial properties of fennel and recipes for its preparation:

Watch the video: Kami McBride on Culinary Herbs for Health (August 2022).